Get to know Mathematic Education Realistic Learning

Get to know Mathematic Education Realistic Learning
Do you know how to learn RME in mathematics? Have you ever applied it in class? I am sure there are those who are familiar with this learning model. But some are not yet. Or just heard the term but have never applied it.
Well, the following will be explained about the ins and outs of the Realistic Mathematic Education (RME) model, and the reasons for the need to use this model in every mathematics learning.
We know that mathematics is filled with abstract concepts. Addition, multiplication, and other mathematical terms, including the numbers themselves are the fruit of agreement. While from the abstract concept, students are required to apply it in real life. This is the reason for the importance of the teacher implementing real / concrete learning when learning mathematics.
According to Streeflan on “Taufik Hidayah Papers”, there are 5 main principles in teaching and learning that are based on realistic teaching, namely:
constructing and concretizing, namely students discover their own procedures for themselves
levels and models that is the level of abstraction using models to bridge between concrete and abstract
reflection and special assignment that is doing reflection on someone’s thought process
social context and interaction, namely providing opportunities for students to exchange opinions
structuring and interwining namely mathematics as a collection of related and structured knowledge and skills.
Steps in the RME learning model
For more details, here are examples of learning steps using the RME model:
1. Understand contextual issues
In the first stage, the teacher gives contextual problems to students as material they will learn. The source of the problem can come from the environment around the school, or the actual event that is happening.
2. Resolve contextual problems
In the second stage, students individually solve contextual problems in student books or student activity sheets (LKS). Try to make the module as attractive as possible, so that students’ creativity will arise when solving a given problem.
3. Compare and discuss answers
In the third stage, students form small groups to discuss. They are asked to compare work results and exchange views.
4. Draw conclusions.
In the fourth stage, the teacher directs students to draw conclusions about concepts, definitions, theorems, principles or mathematical procedures that have just been completed.
That is an example of a learning step that uses the RME model. The important point is that it depends on what the teacher presents. If in conventional learning students learn to depart from material content, but in RME students learn to refer to real / contextual problems.
Strengths and Weaknesses of the RME Learning Model
Here are some advantages and disadvantages of this model.
Advantages
give students a clear understanding of daily life.
give a clear understanding to students that mathematics is a field of study that is constructed and developed by students themselves.
provide clear understanding to students how to solve a problem.
provide clear understanding to students that the learning process is the main thing by discovering mathematical concepts by themselves with the help of the teacher.
Deficiency
it is not easy to change the basic view of things while change is a condition of applying RME.
the search for contextual questions that meets the requirements of realistic mathematics learning is not always easy.
it is not easy for the teacher to encourage students to be able to find various ways of solving problems or solving problems
it is not easy for the teacher to provide assistance to students to be able to rediscover the concepts or principles of mathematics that have been learned.